By Hira Nawaz
Water is being depleted many, many times faster than nature can replenish it.
— Maude Barlow
If 71% of the earth’s surface is submerged by water, why is the globe promptly facing a water scarcity? As a matter of fact, saltwater oceans make up 97.5% of the water on planet Earth. Freshwater reports for a minor 2.5% of this, 68.7% of which is confined in glaciers. That means 30.1% of the world’s 2.5% freshwater is available for human consumption.
We, as HUMANS, can survive without technology and expensive smartphones but A BIG NO without water , that is, H2O!!! Today, one-third of the world’s population lives under water-stress (conditions which affect socio-economic development).
In this article, focus is on majorly where we as world are heading upto, this issue mainly involves overusage of resources, how future of water is interposed among regional boundaries and power.
From California to the Middle East, cosmic areas of the world are desiccating up and a billion people have no opportunity to safe drinking water due to decades of mismanagement and overuse. US intelligence is giving advance notice of the dangers of shrinking water resources and authorised people say the world is ‘standing on a steep rock face’.
According to research, by 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water deficit and ecosystems around the world will expreience even more. That was all the world statistics and the critical condition appearing right now and will get worse in the coming future days.
Now I am going to scrutinize those cores which are the main reason behind this scarcity of water and how water crisis situation can take the edge off. The first cause is incredibly huge rise in world population in the last 50 years, increasing the demand of food, shelter and clothing with the further stress on freshwater consumption.
Number 2, Climate Change, is an event that cant be denied as its outcomes have become increasingly apparent worldwide. According to NASA and NOAA statistics, 2015 was the hottest. As the earth’s temperature is persistently rising, noteworthy impact on fresh water resources has observed. Due to temperature rise, evaporation increases, irregularly resulting in droughts (a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water).The U.N. agency uttered that on 21 july 2016, a temperature of 54 degrees Celsius (129 degrees Fahrenheit) reported in Kuwait was a new top level for the eastern hemisphere and Asia. As per Thomson Reuters Foundation, extreme weather affairs are occuring more often and intense after record temperatures in the first half of 2016. Besides critical is the fact that people get through the heat by using more energy for cooling, thus moreover diminishing the world’s resources.
Furthermore, high temperatures are also thawing glacial ice at an unprecedented rate. Once these glaciers have defrosted away, they can’t be fixed. Areas that once were depended on glaciers for freshwater will then have to search for other sources.
Climate change may also reinstate water security challenges in countries that for a hundred years have blessed with reliable water supplies. Most of the developing world will have to survive with droughts and/or the growing risk of flooding.
The Enterprise Bridge passes over a section of Lake Oroville in 2011 (left) and 2014 (right) in Oroville, California, which is experiencing “exceptional” drought.
The technique of bottled water preparation involves immense energy, yield mainly by burning coal, natural gas, oil and other fossil fuels.So, when we drink bottled water remember that at the sametime we are also using energy and contribute to climate change. In addition, bottled water is a minor but real giver to greenhouse gas emissions, because it takes fuel to make plastic bottles and ship them around the country (and even the world). This is pointless when you find that bottled water is often just filtered tap water.
A lot can be done to lesses emissions, avoid climate change and guard our threatened freshwater sources. Using less energy is a great job to start. This can be done by switching off lights, shielding our homes to preserve heat and air conditioning, driving more fuel efficient cars or drive less. Cars and light trucks (like vans and SUVs) are charged for about 20 percent of U.S. energy-related carbon emissions. In addition, eating meatless just one day a week can have a noteworthy impact on environmental resources seeing as industrial meat production has serious greenhouse gas emissions associated with it.soon add If the above mentioned points are followed then each individual can smash on greenhouse gases.
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